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What is mindfulness? And How to live a mindful life? - Zen Collection

What is mindfulness? And How to live a mindful life?

What is mindfulness? And How to live a mindful life?

Mindfulness is a term that has become increasingly popular in recent years, but what does it actually mean? And how can it benefit our mental and physical health, as well as our overall well-being?

Mindfulness: A definition

According to the Oxford Dictionaries(, mindfulness is:

•  the quality or state of being conscious or aware of something

•  a mental state achieved by focusing one’s awareness on the present moment, while calmly acknowledging and accepting one’s feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations, used as a therapeutic technique

In other words, 

“Mindfulness is a way of paying attention to our experience in the here and now, without judging it or trying to change it. It is a way of cultivating a clear and compassionate awareness of ourselves and our surroundings.”

Mindfulness has its roots in Buddhist meditation, but it has been adapted and applied to various contexts and settings in the modern world, such as healthcare, education, business, and sports. Mindfulness can be practiced formally through meditation or informally through everyday activities such as eating, walking, or listening.

Mindfulness: A psychology

Mindfulness is not only a practice but also a psychological concept that has been extensively researched and validated by scientific studies. Mindfulness can be understood as a trait, a state, or a skill.

•  As a trait, mindfulness refers to the tendency to be mindful in general, across different situations and contexts. Some people are naturally more mindful than others, but this can also be influenced by factors such as personality, culture, or upbringing.

•  As a state, mindfulness refers to the temporary experience of being mindful in a specific moment or situation. This can be induced by external cues, such as a reminder or an instruction, or by internal cues, such as a feeling or a thought.

•  As a skill, mindfulness refers to the ability to intentionally cultivate and enhance one’s mindfulness through practice and training. This can be done through various methods and techniques, such as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), which are structured programs that teach mindfulness skills and principles.

Mindfulness: A benefit

Mindfulness has been shown to have numerous benefits for our physical and mental health, as well as our overall well-being. Some of the main benefits of mindfulness are:

Reduced stress and anxiety: 

Mindfulness can help us cope with challenging emotions and situations by regulating our physiological responses (such as blood pressure, heart rate, or cortisol levels) and by changing our cognitive appraisals (such as negative thoughts or beliefs) (Tang et al., 2018).

Enhanced mood and happiness: 

Mindfulness can increase our positive emotions and decrease our negative emotions by fostering a more balanced and accepting attitude towards ourselves and others (Williams & Penman, 2016).

Improved attention and memory: 

Mindfulness can improve our cognitive functions by enhancing our focus and concentration on the present task and by preventing distractions and mind-wandering (Shapiro et al., 2020).

Better relationships and communication: 

Mindfulness can improve our social skills and interactions by increasing our empathy and compassion for others and by reducing our reactivity and defensiveness in conflicts (Shapiro et al., 2020).

Greater meaning and purpose: 

Mindfulness can help us find more fulfillment and satisfaction in life by aligning our actions with our values and goals and by cultivating a sense of gratitude and appreciation for what we have (Ivtzan et al., 2011).


How to live a mindful life?


Living a mindful life does not require us to change our lifestyle drastically or to renounce our worldly pleasures. It simply requires us to be more aware of our experience in each moment and to choose how we respond to it.

How do you practice mindfulness? 

Practice meditation: 

Meditation is one of the most effective ways to cultivate mindfulness. It involves sitting quietly and observing one’s breath, body sensations, thoughts, or feelings with curiosity and kindness. There are many types of meditation, such as breath awareness, body scan, loving-kindness, or insight meditation. You can start with 10 minutes a day and gradually increase the duration and frequency of your practice.

Be mindful of your daily activities: 

You can also practice mindfulness in your everyday life by bringing your attention to whatever you are doing at the moment. For example, you can be mindful when you eat by noticing the taste, texture, smell, or color of your food; when you walk by feeling the contact of your feet with the ground; when you listen by paying attention to the sounds around you; or when you work by focusing on the task at hand and avoiding multitasking.

Connect with people to be more mindful: 

Mindfulness can also enhance your relationships and communication with others by increasing your empathy and compassion for them and by reducing your reactivity and defensiveness in conflicts. You can practice mindful listening by giving your full attention to what the other person is saying and reflecting back what you heard; mindful speaking by expressing yourself clearly and respectfully; and mindful silence by being comfortable with pauses and gaps in the conversation.

Enjoy the beauty of nature to be more mindful: 

Nature can be a great source of mindfulness, as it can help us slow down, relax, and appreciate the present moment. You can practice mindfulness in nature by observing the colors, shapes, patterns, or movements of the natural elements; by feeling the sun, wind, rain, or snow on your skin; by smelling the flowers, grass, or soil; or by listening to the birds, insects, or water.

Change your daily routine for more mindful living: 

Sometimes we get stuck in our habits and routines and lose sight of what is happening around us. To break this cycle, you can try changing something in your daily routine and notice how it affects you. For example, you can take a different route to work or school; try a new activity or hobby; read a book or watch a movie that challenges your perspective; or eat something you have never tried before.

See the wonder of the present moment: 

One of the key aspects of mindfulness is to see each moment as fresh and new, without taking anything for granted or making assumptions. You can practice this by noticing something that you usually overlook or ignore and finding something interesting or amazing about it. For example, you can marvel at how a pen works; how a flower grows; how a cloud changes shape; or how a person smiles.

Listen to unpleasant emotions with mindfulness: 

Mindfulness does not mean avoiding or suppressing negative emotions, but rather acknowledging and accepting them without judging them or acting on them impulsively. You can practice this by noticing when you feel angry, sad, anxious, or frustrated and naming the emotion; by observing where you feel it in your body and how it affects your breathing; by exploring what thoughts or beliefs are behind it; and by offering yourself some kindness and compassion.

Remember that thoughts are just thoughts: 

Mindfulness also helps us realize that our thoughts are not facts, but rather mental events that come and go in our minds. You can practice this by noticing when you have a thought that causes you distress or discomfort and labeling it as a thought; by observing how it makes you feel and behave; by questioning its validity or usefulness; and by letting it go without attaching to it or resisting it.

Be grateful every day:

Mindfulness can also foster a sense of gratitude and appreciation for what we have in our lives, rather than focusing on what we lack or want. You can practice this by making a list of things that you are grateful for every day; by expressing your gratitude to someone who has helped you or made you happy; by noticing the small things that make your life easier or more enjoyable; or by performing a random act of kindness for someone else.

Make it a habit:

The best way to live a mindful life is to make mindfulness a habit that becomes part of your daily routine. You can do this by setting aside some time every day for formal meditation practice; by using reminders or cues to prompt you


Mindfulness is not a quick fix or a magic solution for all our problems, but rather a way of living that can help us cope better with stress, improve our mood and happiness, enhance our attention and memory, foster better relationships and communication, and find more meaning and purpose in life.

By practicing mindfulness regularly and consistently, we can train our minds to be more present, aware, and compassionate, and ultimately live a more mindful life.

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